What are testicular cancer symptoms?
Most testicular cancers are discovered by the man by himself or by doctors doing a routine exam. Any kind of abnormality or any unusual appearance should signal the man to see his doctor.
He should be on the alert for any of these symptoms:
· A lump or swelling in the testicle that is painless
· Pain or swelling in the scrotum or in a testicle
· Any changes in feeling of the testicle or any enlargement in the scrotum
· A sensation of heaviness in the scrotum
· Dull ache in the lower back, abdomen or groin
· The scrotum suddenly fills with fluid
These symptoms could be cancer or they could be something else. If any of them appear, the doctor should be contacted to determine the cause.
How is TC Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of testicular cancer is made by the doctor. In order to arrive at a diagnosis, a full health history is taken and then some lab and diagnostic tests are done.
· Blood tests are done to determine the levels of tumor markers - substances found in higher-than-normal amounts when there is cancer in the body.
· An ultrasound of the scrotum can indicate the presence of a mass in the testicle. It can also rule out infections or water collection that is unrelated to cancer.
· A biopsy to take some tissue to have analyzed is also done to determine if there is cancer.
If any of the tests reveal cancer to be in the body, then additional tests are done to determine the type and extent of the disease, along with the appropriate treatment for it.