5 Hormonal Disorders
There are five disorders associated with hormonal problems in men. These disorders cause a disruption in male fertility.
1. Hyperprolactinemia is an elevated level of the hormone prolactin and is found in 10 to 40 percent of infertile males. When levels are only mildly elevated there is no problem, but when the levels are too high then sperm production is reduced, libido is also reduced and impotence may result.
2. Hypothroidism, low thyroid hormone levels, is sometimes caused by a diet high in iodine. This disorder can create poor semen quality, poor testicular function and can affect libido. Thyroid hormone replacement therapy can elevate sperm count.
3. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia is a condition that results from a suppression of the pituitary gland by high levels of adrenal androgens. Low sperm count, a large number of immature sperm cells and low sperm motility are all symptoms of this disorder. Cortisone replacement therapy is useful in treatment.
4. Hyprogonadotropic Hypopituitarism is the low production and output of LH and FSH by the pituitary gland. This disorder can potentially cause a man to be sterile. It stops sperm development and causes a progressive loss of germ cells that produce sperm and cells that produce testosterone to deteriorate.
5. Panhypopituitafism is the complete failure of the pituitary gland. Growth hormone levels drop as do thyroid-stimulating hormone and LH and FSH levels. Impotence, decreased libido, undersized testes, and loss of secondary sex characteristics are all symptoms of this disorder.
How Physical Issues Impact Fertility
Physical problems are another source of male infertility. They can interfere with sperm production or cause difficulties in the pathway the sperm must journey to exit the body. Low sperm count and abnormal sperm morphology as consistent characteristics of physical problems causing male infertility. Read about many of them on this site.
· Damaged sperm ducts
· Infection and disease
· Klinefelter's syndrome
· Retrograde ejaculation
Psychological and Behavioral Ties
Along with all of the previous possibilities for causes of male infertility, there are also psychological and behavioral issues that cause problems. Often it is difficult to divide the physical from the psychological components because they are so intrinsically tied together.
· Erectile Dysfunction affects 20 million men in the US and results from a combination of factors.
· Premature Ejaculation is the inability to control the ejaculatory response
· Ejaculatory incompetence prevents men from ejaculating during sexual intercourse even though they can ejaculate when masturbating
Most, if not all of the issues, conditions and problems cited here can be addressed by a skilled medical professional.