Men who have an excess of prolactin in their system often experience fertility problems. This is because too much prolactin can lead to a decrease in testosterone as well as abnormal sperm. To help decrease a man’s prolactin levels and get his sperm production back on track, bromocriptine is prescribed.
To be effective, though, the medication needs to be taken for at least four consecutive weeks. Side effects of bromocriptine use in men can include high blood pressure and worsening of certain mental disorders or liver disorders, while older men are more likely to experience confusion, hallucinations and uncontrolled bodily movements.
When a lack of testosterone production, known as hypogonadism, is the cause of your male infertility problems, synthetic testosterone may be prescribed. This type of testosterone works to mimic the natural testosterone produced in men. It can be administered through oral pills, injections or as a transdermal gel or patch.
The use of oral testosterone pills is sometimes questioned as they have been associated with elevated liver function as well as abnormalities in liver scans and biopsy.
Injections are generally thought to be safer than oral pills. However, testosterone injections do not always provide a consistent level of hormones causing a man’s libido, energy levels and mood to fluctuate. Additionally, many men find the injections to be inconvenient, as they require frequent trips to the fertility specialist.
Transdermal Testosterone Applications
Although they can be more expensive, transdermal testosterone applications are proving to be a popular choice for an increasing number of men. Not only are testosterone gels and patches safe and efficient to use, providing a consistent level of hormone in the body, they also have relatively few side effects associated with them. Some men may experience skin irritation at the sight of application, though.