Surgical Procedures in Extreme Cases
A ligament fixation is a surgical procedure that is used in cases of severe bladder or rectal prolapse, and in some cases for a uterine prolapse. This procedure is done through the vagina or through the abdominal wall if the woman wants to have more children. Fixing the ligaments through the vagina weakens the vaginal wall so much so that natural childbirth becomes impossible.
The most extreme treatment for a prolapse is the complete removal of the organ. Severe bladder and rectal prolapses have been treated by removing the organs; however, the end result is the need for the attachment of a bag to contain waste that has to be emptied regularly. This can sometimes lead to serious problems. While only done in extreme cases, the removal of the bladder or rectum may be the only treatment that is viable.
Before You Go Under the Knife...
Removal of the uterus, known as a hysterectomy, is the most extreme form of treatment for a uterine prolapse. The end result is, of course, sterility and the end to childbearing. Although it does not carry the same impact as bladder or rectum surgeries do, a hysterectomy has a lot of its own issues that include psychological loss, surgically-induced menopause, and damage to other organs and in some cases, infection. A hysterectomy is more accepted than the other major surgeries and is more commonly performed. Before undergoing the knife, a second opinion may be a wise decision. Even though a prolapsed organ is a frightening situation, it does not necessarily mean it can't be treated effectively.
Recovery from Surgery
Recovery after prolapse surgery can take several weeks, during which time lifting and prolonged standing is not recommended. The first two or three weeks can be very painful and uncomfortable. It can also take some time for the organs to regain their function and retraining the bladder and bowel may be necessary.