Factors Not In Your Control
There are also certain factors that you can't usually control that can lead to a low sperm count. Researchers believe that there is a correlation between the man's age and his sperm count. Fertilization rates are usually over 60% for men who are younger than 39, but they fall to slightly over 50% for those who are over this age range.
Your genetic make-up may also be a factor in low sperm count. If you have certain genetic issues such as cystic fibrosis, Klinefelter syndrome, and Kartagener syndrome, you may experience a lower sperm count as a result.
You should speak to your doctor if you have any of these syndromes to find out what can be done to help you with your sperm count. Next, physical and emotional stress can inhibit sperm count.
Impotence, premature ejaculation and relationship problems can all contribute to lower sperm count and to infertility issues.
Factors That People Don't Often Consider
Finally, there are a few unusual factors that may contribute to a low sperm count. If you are an avid bicycle rider, you may actually be hurting your sperm. The pressure of the bike seat is thought to damage blood vessels and nerves needed to ejaculate. In particular, mountain biking is thought to hurt sperm count.
Another usual problem is environmental factors. If you are exposed to toxins, chemicals and infections they may negatively impact your sperm count. Exposure to heavy metals like lead, cadmium and arsenic may hurt sperm production, as may radiation treatments and x-rays.
While you can control some of these factors, and try to limit or reverse their effect, there are others that are out of your control. Speak with your doctor if you suspect that you have a low sperm count, or if you've already been told that you do.
A specialist may be able to help you to overcome these issues and to move forward on the road towards conception.