If you are having trouble becoming pregnant, it may due to ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled pockets that form inside and on the surface of the ovaries. Generally, ovarian cysts are nothing to worry about. However, they can sometimes cause complications. Occasionally, ovarian cysts can indicate a reproductive problem, which may be the underlying cause of your fertility issues. If you think you may have ovarian cysts, visit with your health care provider for an exam.
What are Ovarian Cysts?
Ovarian cysts are sacs containing fluid, which form in or on the surface of your ovaries. They are a very common, and most women don’t even realize that they have them.
Cysts are actually a normal part of the reproductive process. Special cysts, called follicles, form around your eggs while they are maturing. One of these follicles bursts every month in order to release an egg for fertilization. Sometimes though, cysts other than follicles can form on your ovaries, causing problems.
Types of Ovarian Cysts
There are a number of types of ovarian cysts. Some of these cysts can grow to large sizes, causing various uncomfortable symptoms. Occasionally, cysts can even interfere with fertility.
- Follicular Cyst: A follicular cyst develops from a follicle that hasn’t ruptured. Sometimes, follicles fail to break open and release an egg. As a result, these follicles can turn into cysts. Follicular cysts are the most common type of ovarian cyst and rarely cause pain or complications.
- Corpus Luteum Cyst: Corpus luteum cysts can sometimes form when follicles rupture. Occasionally, fluid gets trapped inside the ruptured follicle, allowing a cyst to form. These cysts usually disappear in time, however, some can grow to large sizes. If your cysts begins to bleed or twist, this can cause pain.
- Endometriomas: Endometriomas are cysts which form in women who have endometriosis. They develop when endometrial tissue attaches to your ovaries. These cysts can cause pain during menstruation and sexual intercourse.
- Cystademas: Cystademas develop from cells which make up the surface of your ovary. They tend to be filled with a watery or sticky fluid, and can grow to large sizes.
- Dermoid Cysts: Dermoid cysts form from ovarian cells which are able to create teeth, hair, and other types of tissues. These cysts are rare, but can be large and painful.
- Polycystic Ovaries: Sometimes, the follicle that is supposed to release your egg fails to break, and it turns into a cyst. More and more cysts can then begin to form, eventually building up all over your ovaries. This is part of a condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome.