Other factors used to assess sperm
In addition to this criteria, the presence of white blood cells (or pus cells) will also be assessed. While a few white blood cells are normally found in semen, an abundance of these cells can indicate a seminal infection.
Semen Analysis Results
Semen analysis results are only as good as the fertility team performing the test. If semen has not been collected properly; the test was performed too long after semen collection; not enough time between ejaculations was given; or if a man has had a systemic illness within the last three months, results of the test may be incorrect.
So long as the test was done properly and the results are normal, there is no reason to repeat the test. However, if the results come back abnormal, it is likely that additional semen tests will be done. Why the repeat? Quite simply, sperm counts and quality naturally fluctuate.
As production of sperm can take several months, it is likely that re-testing will be performed several weeks apart over the next three to six months.
Once a proper diagnosis has been made, you can begin to investigate your male infertility treatment options. Just which form of fertility treatment is best for you will depend upon the cause of your infertility.