Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS)
Polycystic ovarian syndrome is one of the more common causes of oligomenorrhea. In PCOS, your body creates too many androgens, which causes tiny cysts to form inside your ovaries. This causes infrequent ovulation and menstruation.
Oligomenorrhea and Infertility
For women who are trying to conceive, oligomenorrhea can be a serious issue. Because you are only experiencing a period a few times a year, your body is also ovulating less. This means that you have a smaller chance of becoming pregnant.
If you want to become pregnant, it is important to seek treatment for oligomenorrhea. Medications can restore your ovulation, increasing your chances of conceiving.
Treatments for Oligomenorrhea
Treatments for oligomenorrhea depend upon the cause of your infrequent periods.
Reduce Environmental Stressors
If environmental factors are contributing to the infrequency, addressing these issues is your best bet. Try to ensure you get good nutrition, maintain a healthy weight, and reduce your stress levels.
Women with PCOS and other hormonal imbalances can be given medication in order to restore their hormone levels. Birth control pills or other hormonal forms of birth control can help to balance out your hormones and restore menstruation. Women with high levels of androgens can use anti-androgen medications in order to encourage ovulation.