Although it is also sold under the brand name Serophene, clomiphene, a type of fertility medication, is most commonly referred to by its other brand name, Clomid. Used in women with ovulation problems, Clomid is a very common, inexpensive and popular type of fertility treatment.
How it Works
Used to help regulate or induce ovulation, clomiphene assists in increasing the production of egg maturation in the ovaries. Clompihene is taken orally via a pill on days 3 to 7 or 5 to 9 of your menstrual cycle.
In order to regulate your ovulation, Clomid sends a message to your pituitary gland, telling it that it needs to start or needs to secrete more FSH and LH. This increased level of hormones then signals to your ovaries that it is time to start maturing some eggs.
Because of the higher level of FSH and LH in your system, your egg production and ovulation is improved thus facilitating ovulation.
In addition to helping women with ovulation problems, Clomid may also be used for women who are found to have a luteal phase defect. Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome are also likely to have Clomid prescribed.
Men who have hormonal imbalances may be prescribed clomiphene in some situations. However, the use of this treatment has not been proven and the FDA has yet to approve the use of Clomid for men.
Since Clomid helps to increase the number of eggs that are produced by the follicles, this fertility medication is also often used in women who are undergoing assisted reproductive techniques and require multiple eggs to be retrieved. This is called superovulation and increases the chances of multiple births.
To ensure that Clomid is working as it should, and that ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome does not occur, you will require close monitoring by your fertility specialist. This will also help to determine just how well your body is responding to the clomiphene and whether or not it is necessary to increase your dosage.
Generally, most women start out on 50mg tablets. This is the minimum dosage that can be prescribed. If your body does not seem to respond to this during the first cycle, the dosage will be increased to 100mg.
If your body still does not respond, your Clomid can be increased up to a maximum of 200mg, although this is not normally recommended. In some cases, it may be necessary to supplement the Clomid with another type of hormonal medication in order to stimulate ovulation.